Sociology chapter 9

If that happens, Kate Middleton will be called Queen Catherine and hold the position of queen consort.

Sociology chapter 9 and 10 quizlet

Many of the novels of that era are seen as sociological goldmines. There is a great deal of social pressure on her not only to behave as a royal but to bear children. While a meritocracy has never existed, sociologists see aspects of meritocracies in modern societies when they study the role of academic and job performance and the systems in place for evaluating and rewarding achievement in these areas. In , the UN implemented the Millennium Project, an attempt to cut poverty worldwide by the year As philanthropists, they establish foundations to support social causes they believe in. Certain tasks in society are more valuable than others. Within each class, there are many subcategories. Yet no successful executive or entrepreneur would embrace that attitude in the business world, where profits are valued as a driving force. They do not allow people to shift levels and do not permit social relationships between levels. A class consists of a set of people who have the same relationship to the means of production or productive property, that is, to the things used to produce the goods and services needed for survival: tools, technologies, resources, land, workplaces, etc. In the United States, standing can also be defined by characteristics such as IQ, athletic abilities, appearance, personal skills, and achievements. Bestselling author Stephen King worked as a janitor prior to being published. Figure 9. Marriage to a partner from the same social background is an endogamous union. She won larger contracts.

True If we adjust for inflation, a middle-class male head-of-household wage earner around the end of World War II made more income compared to the cost of living at the time than a middle class family today does when compared to today's cost of living, even when both parents work.

The ideology of social order made class structure seem natural, right, and just.

Quizlet sociology chapter 9 race and ethnicity

His personal narrative is one in which hard work and talent — not inherent privilege, birthright, prejudicial treatment, or societal values — determined his social rank. People in low-income countries are not guaranteed education, and many are illiterate. In rural areas, aspects of the tradition are more likely to remain, while urban centres show less evidence of this past. Even within specific fields, layers are stratified and members are ranked. The French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu defined ones habitus as the deeply seated schemas, habits, feelings, dispositions, and forms of know-how that people hold due to their specific social backgrounds, cultures, and life experiences How do we make sense of the divergent stories? They can also socialize with and marry members of other classes, which allows people to move from one class to another. In contrast, the lower class has little control over their work or lives. In some cultures, the elderly are esteemed; in others, the elderly are disparaged or overlooked. People are free to gain a different level of education or employment than their parents. Marriage is endogamous, meaning that marriage between castes is forbidden. Women could not inherit property, and their social standing was primarily determined through marriage. Again, he performed very well.

Neighbourhoods often house people of the same social standing. Social differentiation by itself does not necessarily imply a division of individuals into a hierarchy of rank, privilege, and power.

Sociology chapter 9 quiz

The story of the Aboriginal gang members, although it is also a story of personal choices, casts that belief into doubt. Their children receive high-quality education and healthcare Gilbert Social stratification takes on new meanings when it is examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. Millions of women and men struggle to pay rent, buy food, find work, and afford basic medical care. They epitomized the American Dream—they worked hard and it paid off. When explorers began traveling, societies began trading goods, as well as ideas and customs. The majority of Canadians will never see the view from the top.

The work is hands-on and often physically demanding, such as landscaping, cooking, cleaning, or building. True Advertising today tends to emphasize the need for Americans to return to the tenets of what Max Weber called "The Protestant Ethic.

Citizens have little access to amenities such as electricity, plumbing, and clean water.

Sociology chapter 9 global stratification quizlet

Global stratification highlights worldwide patterns of social inequality. Upper Class Figure 9. Who gets monumentalized in Canada, and who gets forgotten? Meritocracy Meritocracy is an ideal system based on the belief that social stratification is the result of personal effort—or merit—that determines social standing. Structural mobility is attributable to changes in society as a whole, not individual changes. If he abdicates chooses not to become king or dies, the position will go to Prince William. Even within specific fields, layers are stratified and members are ranked. Because standard of living is closely related to quality of life, it can represent factors such as the ability to afford a home, own a car, and take vacations.

Those traits represent the upper-middle class. This is one of the reasons first-generation college students do not fare as well as other students.

sociology chapter 10 quizlet

Because standard of living is closely related to quality of life, it can represent factors such as the ability to afford a home, own a car, and take vacations. Before the recession, many were living paycheck to paycheck or even had been living comfortably.

Wealth was passed from generation to generation through primogeniture, a law stating that all property would be inherited by the firstborn son.

sociology chapter 9 quizlet gender

They work as sharecroppers, migrant farm workers, housecleaners, and day laborers.

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Chapter Social Inequality in Canada