This is not a new observation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Does this story change the way you look at literature and history?
I would like to propose another explanation. On the other hand, I was frequently astonished at his level of hubris, for example in blaming Eustathius for a host of errors that led a millennium of classical scholars astray.
Winklerconcurs with Harsh, and he complicates the issue by proposing a narratological reading whereby Penelope colludes not only with the internal Odyssean character but also with the external Homeric narrator in her recognition of Odysseus.
Penelope is unaware of what they are really trying to do and allows them to keep living there. Similar questions passed through my mind recently as I made my way with increasing uneasiness through the essay on Homer's Odyssey in this volume by John Vlahos, who argues for a much earlier recognition by Penelope of Odysseus than has traditionally been acknowledged, already in book 17, when the disguised Odysseus refuses to respond immediately to Penelope's summons, rather than in book 23, when Odysseus successfully passes Penelope's test of the marriage bed.
Kirchhoff, Adolf. In his 88th letter to Lucilius section 8 Seneca attempts to identify the true subject matter of liberal studies and makes this backhanded comment about what he perceives as a deficiency in the current curriculum: "Why inquire whether Penelope was pure or had deceived her contemporaries?
The Composition of Homer's Odyssey. Vellacott, Philip. Amory,especially proposes that Penelope thinks intuitively rather than rationally like her husband. In fact I find neoanalysis informed by oral theory the most productive approach being practiced today in understanding the composition and 6 One can efficiently survey the development of oral theory in Homeric studies by perusing Kirkand, more recently, Foley ,