An analysis of aristotles ideal state and citizens

Political and moral knowledge does not have the same degree of precision or certainty as mathematics.

Aristotle political theory

We will not examine the particulars of Aristotle's view of each of these cities. Rackham, H. Vs Plato, Aristotle has nurtured his political power while coasting in attending as Plato and his political theories. Although this analysis is focused on his contributions to education, it is important to note that he showed influence in a variety of concepts. We will see shortly why Aristotle believed that the cities existing at the time did not in fact follow this principle of ruling and being ruled in turn. Once the philosophers know all of the forms and everything that exists eternally, they actually have to be forced to be kings and rule because after they discover the eternal forms they naturally become uninterested in the material world and petty worldly things. Apparently the husband is to treat his wife as an equal to the degree that it is possible to do so, but must retain ultimate control over household decisions. Balot ed. It is possible that Aristotle never finished writing it; more likely there is material missing as a result of damage to the scrolls on which it was written.

One of the themes running through Aristotle's thought that most people would reject today is the idea that a life of labor is demeaning and degrading, so that those who must work for a living are not able to be as virtuous as those who do not have to do such work. And here we see the link between ethics and politics in a different light: the role of politics is to provide an environment in which people can live fully human, ethical, and happy lives, and this is the kind of life which makes it possible for someone to participate in politics in the correct way.

The women, slaves, and manual laborers are in the city for the good of the citizens.

aristotle politics summary

Biography and History Aristotle's life was primarily that of a scholar. It has also been suggested that Aristotle's method should be seen as an example of how political discussion ought to be conducted: a variety of viewpoints and arguments are presented, and the final decision is arrived at through a consideration of the strengths and weaknesses of these viewpoints and arguments.

aristotle ideal state

We are likely to regard politics and politicians as aiming at ignoble, selfish ends, such as wealth and power, rather than the "best end", and many people regard the idea that politics is or should be primarily concerned with creating a particular moral character in citizens as a dangerous intrusion on individual freedom, in large part because we do not agree about what the "best end" is.

The question of how these writings should be unified into a consistent whole if that is even possible is an open one and beyond the scope of this article. For those of us not living in the ideal regime, the ideal citizen is one who follows the laws and supports the principles of the regime, whatever that regime is.

This is a problem because some people are led to pursue wealth without limit, and the choice of such a life, while superficially very attractive, does not lead to virtue and real happiness.

Instead, citizenship for Aristotle is a kind of activity: "The citizen in an unqualified sense is defined by no other thing so much as by sharing in decision and office" a The approach of Aristotle differs from Plato, who prefers to build an ideal political system and theoretical, while Aristotle prefers a realistic and descriptive, which prefigures sociological approaches or phenomenological twentieth century.

Aristotle forms of government

Here Aristotle is introducing another important idea which he will develop later: the idea that the people living under a regime, including the women and children, must be taught to believe in the principles that underlie that regime. The second is perhaps a little more unexpected: do those in power, however many they are, rule only in their own interest or do they rule in the interest of all the citizens? Certainly almost everyone wants to see law-abiding citizens, but it is questionable that changing the citizens' character or making them morally good is part of what government should do. Their work is equal, and so the reward should be too. Aristotle is fair to his citizens and 7 provides them with a good life at the expense of other, while Machiavelli does not make such accusations and manipulates equally. Barker, Trans. For those of us not living in the ideal regime, the ideal citizen is one who follows the laws and supports the principles of the regime, whatever that regime is. The Greeks believed that women are inferior to men or at least those Greeks who wrote philosophy, plays, speeches, and so forth did. This principle guided all amnesty laws around the world. We will have much more to say later on the topic of regimes. Unfortunately Aristotle has very little to say about what women's virtues look like, how they are to be achieved, or how women should be educated. Aristotle and the separation of powers The three branches of government are the legislative civic based on the deliberation meeting , the executive and the judiciary: the legislature creates the laws that the executive implements and enforces the judiciary. This study and the use of the knowledge it brings remains one of the important tasks of political science. They must take turns, ruling and being ruled in turn. Therefore, we can define justice as facilitating nature and obviously existing in conjunction with nature.

Someone who does live according to virtue, who chooses to do the right thing because it is the right thing to do, is living a life that flourishes; to borrow a phrase, they are being all that they can be by using all of their human capacities to their fullest.

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Aristotle’s Political Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)